1. Listen to the story about the Boy Economic (tell up to "The day was hot and they sold ice cream very quickly")
2. Guys, what do you think determines the price of the products that the company sells? Why, for example, does the boy's ice cream cost 2 coins? The teacher introduces the concept of production cost. Cost is the amount spent on the production of a product. To bake 10 buns, you need 1 carton of milk, 1 pack of flour, 3 eggs, 1 glass of sugar. 1 carton of milk costs 2 coins,1 pack of flour costs 3 coins, 3 eggs cost 2 coins, 1 glass of sugar costs 3 coins. So, to bake 10 buns, we need 10 coins. Then the cost of one bun will be 1 coin. What will happen if we sell a bun for less than one coin? The teacher explains to the children that the price must be higher than the cost price in order for the company to make a profit. But if it is too high, people will buy this product in another store.
3. Print out the text according to the number of children. Children join in teams, each receives a text and using a marker/pencil finds a) all expenses of the Economic b) all income c) the amount of ice cream d) profit, e) losses, e) cost
3. Children together with the teacher count expenses, cost, income, profit
4. Discussion: what always comes first: income or expenses? Why? How did you find out the cost of ice cream? Is the idea of the Economic to sell ice cream profitable or unprofitable? What helped the boy sell all the ice cream? The boy Economic decided to earn money himself. But to earn money - it is necessary to find a job and do it well.
"What do you think I can do?" the boy Economic asked his Dachshund dog. "I think you can sell ice cream." the dog replied. "This is interesting," said the boy, "but how do I earn if I buy ice cream for 2 coins and sell it for 2 coins? "And you do it yourself" offered the Dachshund.
"I'll help you."And they began thinking what ice cream is made of. "I know." said the boy Economic, "My mother made me ice cream for my Birthday!
She took milk and jam.
Mixed all this and put it in the refrigerator for three hours." "That's right." confirmed the Dachshund. "But where will I get the products?" the boy Economic asked. "Let's go to the store," suggested the Dachshund, "we will buy everything there and see how much ice cream costs."The boy and the Dachshund went to the store.
They bought a carton of milk and jam for 10 coins. We went to the frozen goods department and found out the price of one ice cream."So," said the boy Economic. - Let's make ice cream like my mom did.And they prepared as many as 7 servings of ice cream. When the ice cream was ready, boy Economic and the Dachshund went to the yard and began to sell it for 2 coins per serving. It was a hot day and they sold ice cream very quickly.
"Let's count how much money we have now." asked the Dachshund.And they began to count: 2 coins + 2 coins + 2 coins + 2 coins + 2 coins + 2 coins + 2 coins = 14 coins.
"This is great!" laughed the boy Economic "I spent 10 coins on products to make ice cream, and received 14 coins. "Yes: confirmed the Dachshund, "so we have an extra 4 coins. 14-10 = 4 coins. "
That's right, it's profit! the boy's mother, who was walking home from work, praised them.
"But today was a sunny day, so you sold the ice cream quickly. What if it rained today and it was very cold?" "Then...." the boy Economic was upset.
"Then we wouldn't be able to sell ice cream."
"But we would still have spent the money on products." the Dachshund looked worried.
"You see," said mother, "you can earn money and make a profit, or you can not sell anything, and even spend money." "I see," said the boy Economic.
"If we have earned extra money, it is a profit. But what is it called when we couldn't sell anything?"
"It's a loss," mother said," when you spend more money than you earn. And then you must be called bankrupt and close your production."