It is inconvenient to carry a kilogram of pearls or armfuls of animal skins, and a man came up with the idea of casting metal coins from copper or bronze. Metal coins quickly conquered the world: they were easy to transport, store and break into pieces. Year of 910 turns the history of money upside down — that's when China began to use paper banknotes for the first time. Part 1.
I've hid the notes from different countries in the classroom. We will split into two teams and compete to see who will find more. Exercise progress:
- In advance, hide the printed money from different countries (rubles, euros, dollars, yuans, etc.) in the classroom. The place should be accessible, but not easy to find. For example, you can hide it in a book. It is also important to remember about security
- mark particularly dangerous places that there is nothing there
- divide the children into two teams
- start the timer. If the time is running out, and the children have not found anything, play the hot and cold game, give hints. They need to find all money.
- After searching, organize a battle between the teams. Children should take turns to name the money of which countries they found. If it's difficult, give each team hints. As a teacher, display a map on the board and paste the money found on the map.
- Then children compare the found banknotes, what they have in common, how they differ.
Compare all the money and tell us how we can distinguish this money, if I have several banknotes of Russian rubles, euros and US dollars in my wallet?
During the games, the teacher introduces a new theory.
Theory for the teacher:
(Give an example of the currency of your country) national currency can only be made only by the Central Bank of the country. Why do you think it is called "Central"? Discussion of ideas. Because this is the main bank in the country - it helps all other banks work. And with its help, new money is printed – this is called "emission". The teacher shows the most common banknotes (dollars, euros, rubles) on the projector.
Euros are common in Europe. Who of you has seen Euro? What kind of money it is, describe it. What were the currencies used to be called in these countries (francs, marks, etc.)? The teacher shows the pictures of this money on a projector and briefly explains the reasons why there is one single currency in Europe now.
The US dollar is common in the USA. Who of you has seen US dollars? What kind of money it is, describe it. Since this is NOT the money of our country, it is called foreign currency.
Why is the dollar valued everywhere? Discussion of ideas. Because this is the currency that everyone knows and accepts. Is this money a national or foreign currency? Why do you think so? Do you think it is possible to exchange the currency of one country for the currency of another country? What is this process called? The teacher introduces the concept of "conversion".
Another function of money is World money. Money is different in different countries, by exchanging one money for another, one country can trade with another country. Part 2. Online exercise.
Getting acquainted with the world's currencies
- Children work independently in LMS for 5 minutes
- Discussion: what currencies have you learnt about?
Pair up the children and ask each child to tell during 30 seconds what world currencies they have learned about today.
If you don't have enough time to play an online game in class, you should give it to your children as homework. All tasks in LMS are evaluated and taken into account when calculating final scores at the end of the semester.
Well done, guys, you've coped with the task successfully.